Hatra, founded in the 2nd or 3rd century BCE and destroyed in the middle of the 3rd century CE, is the best-preserved
example of a Parthian city. Located in an isolated area of the desert steppe of northern Iraq, Hatra was an
important religious and trading centre, and major stop on a trading route leading to Palmyra,
Baalbek, and Petra.
Hatra was occupied by Daesh in 2014 and partially destroyed in 2015.
To quantify the damage, in February 2020, in the frame of a project funded by ALIPH, the Associazione Internazionale
di Studi sul Mediterraneo e l'Oriente (ISMEO), in cooperation with the Iraqi State Board of Antiquities
and Heritage, undertook a survey of the damage combined with targeted field observations and
securing damaged sculptural decorations. Two of the anthropomorphic corbels
broken into fragments have been joined and put back in their
original place. Also a statue first damaged by
a sledgehammer blows and then used
as a target, having bullet impact
holes all over its